Today in History: October 18

Earl Hart, a senior geologist with the California Division of Mines and Geology measures a 33-inch gap in the driveway at a Los Gatos, Calif. home, Oct. 18, 1989. The 6-foot deep fissure, separating the house (rear) from the road, was the result of 6.9 earthquake Tuesday. (AP Photo/Doug Pizac)
Earl Hart, a senior geologist with the California Division of Mines and Geology measures a 33-inch gap in the driveway at a Los Gatos, Calif. home, Oct. 18, 1989. The 6-foot deep fissure, separating the house (rear) from the road, was the result of 6.9 earthquake Tuesday. (AP Photo/Doug Pizac)

Today in History

Today is Tuesday, Oct. 18, the 292nd day of 2016. There are 74 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Oct. 18, 1962, James D. Watson, Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins were honored with the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology for determining the double-helix molecular structure of DNA.

On this date:

In 1685, King Louis XIV signed the Edict of Fontainebleau, revoking the Edict of Nantes that had established legal toleration of France’s Protestant population, the Huguenots.

In 1767, the Mason-Dixon line, the boundary between colonial Pennsylvania, Maryland and Delaware, was set as astronomers Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon completed their survey.

In 1867, the United States took formal possession of Alaska from Russia.

In 1892, the first long-distance telephone line between New York and Chicago was officially opened (it could only handle one call at a time).

In 1922, the British Broadcasting Co., Ltd. (later the British Broadcasting Corp.) was founded.

In 1931, inventor Thomas Alva Edison died in West Orange, New Jersey, at age 84.

In 1944, Soviet troops invaded Czechoslovakia during World War II.

In 1954, Texas Instruments unveiled the Regency TR-1, the first commercially produced transistor radio.

In 1969, the federal government banned artificial sweeteners known as cyclamates because of evidence they caused cancer in laboratory rats.

In 1977, West German commandos stormed a hijacked Lufthansa jetliner on the ground in Mogadishu, Somalia, freeing all 86 hostages and killing three of the four hijackers.

In 1982, former first lady Bess Truman died at her home in Independence, Missouri, at age 97.

In 1997, a monument honoring American servicewomen, past and present, was dedicated at Arlington National Cemetery.

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