Today in History: July 2

AP-EARHART NOONAN JACOBS
American aviator Amelia Earhart, left, and her navigator, Fred Noonan, right, pose beside their plane at Lae, New Guinea in 1937. This photo, taken with a gold miner named Jacobs, shows them just before they took off in a flight to Howland Island during which they disappeared somewhere in the Pacific on July 2. (AP Photo)

Today is Saturday, July 2, the 184th day of 2016. There are 182 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On this day, on July 2, 1937, aviator Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappeared over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first round-the-world flight at the equator.

On this date:

On July 2, 1908, Thurgood Marshall, the leader of the legal battle against segregated schools and the first black member of the U.S. Supreme Court, was born. Following his death on Jan. 24, 1993, his obituary appeared in The Times.

In 1776, the Continental Congress passed a resolution that “these United Colonies are, and of right, ought to be, Free and Independent States.”

In 1881, President James A. Garfield was fatally shot by Charles J. Guiteau at the Washington railroad station. (Garfield died on Sept. 19.)

In 1890, Congress passed the Sherman Antitrust Act.

In 1908, Thurgood Marshall, the first African-American Supreme Court justice, was born in Baltimore.

In 1932, Democrats nominated New York Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt for president at their convention in Chicago.

In 1947, an object that the Army Air Force later said was a weather balloon crashed near Roswell, N.M. Eyewitness accounts gave rise to speculation it might have been an alien spacecraft.

In 1961, Author Ernest Hemingway, 61, shot himself to death at his home in Ketchum, Idaho. 1962 The first Walmart store (called Wal-Mart Discount City) was opened in Rogers, Ark., by Sam Walton and his brother, James.

In 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law a sweeping civil rights bill.

In 1976, the Supreme Court ruled the death penalty was not inherently cruel or unusual.

In 2003, President George W. Bush promised to deal harshly with those who attack American troops in Iraq, saying “bring them on.”

In 2007 President George W. Bush commuted the sentence of former aide I. Lewis “Scooter” Libby, sparing him from a two-and-half-year prison term in the CIA leak case.

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